Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time.
Causes for CKD
The two main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure, which are responsible for up to two-thirds of the cases. Other causes for kidney failure could be due to Nephrotic syndrome, infection, inflammation, congenital kidney disease, malformation of kidneys, obstruction to kidneys or due to immune problems such as Lupus, etc.
It is always very important to know the root cause for CKD to effectively treat kidney disease.
Symptoms of CKD
Most people do not have any severe symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced. However, you may notice that you:
Feel more tired and have less energy Trouble concentrating Poor appetite Trouble sleeping Muscle cramping at night Swollen feet and ankles Puffiness around your eyes, especially in the morning Dry, itchy skin Need to urinate more often, especially at night.
Who should be tested for CKD
Anyone can get chronic kidney disease at any age. However, some people are more likely than others to develop kidney disease. You may have an increased risk for kidney disease if you:
Have high blood pressure
Have a family history of kidney failure
Age above 50 years History of kidney stones disease Have auto-immune problems such as Lupus
I would suggest a routine Kidney testing if you have an one of the above risk factors.
Kidney Function testing should include
Serum Creatinine GFR (Glomerular Filteration Rate) Complete urine examination Ultrasound KUB