Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time.


Causes for CKD

The two main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure, which are responsible for up to two-thirds of the cases. Other causes for kidney failure could be due to Nephrotic syndrome, infection, inflammation, congenital kidney disease, malformation of kidneys, obstruction to kidneys or due to immune problems such as Lupus, etc.

It is always very important to know the root cause for CKD to effectively treat kidney disease.


Symptoms of CKD

Most people do not have any severe symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced. However, you may notice that you:

Feel more tired and have less energy                                                                                                                      Trouble concentrating                                                                                                                                                Poor appetite                                                                                                                                                         Trouble sleeping                                                                                                                                                   Muscle cramping at night                                                                                                                                     Swollen feet and ankles                                                                                                                                     Puffiness around your eyes, especially in the morning                                                                                              Dry, itchy skin                                                                                                                                                               Need to urinate more often, especially at night.


Who should be tested for CKD

Anyone can get chronic kidney disease at any age. However, some people are more likely than others to develop kidney disease. You may have an increased risk for kidney disease if you:

Have diabetes

Have high blood pressure

Have a family history of kidney failure

Age above 50 years                                                                                                                                                History of kidney stones disease                                                                                                                              Have auto-immune problems such as Lupus

I would suggest a routine Kidney testing if you have an one of the above risk factors.


Kidney Function testing should include 

Serum Creatinine                                                                                                                                                      GFR (Glomerular Filteration Rate)                                                                                                                          Complete urine examination                                                                                                                                            Ultrasound KUB